Post B: Data methods

Data methods

Waste audit
From Post A, I conducted a daily waste audit for my research. By using this data method, it allowed me to find out the amount of waste that I produced in a day and also helped me to identify the categories of waste quickly. Besides, the information that listed in my waste audit gave me an idea of start thinking about how to minimize daily waste as individuals; and this helps me to explore further how organizations/ institutions can do to reduce waste.
I conducted the waste audit with following processes:
Started with record data (taking photos of wastes), then organized data by using Excel, follow with reviewed the results and reflection.
The second process is very useful, which is organize the audit.Creating a classification system for wastes helps me gain more knowledge about waste stream.

Waste audit is a very common method for collect information in waste management practices. By conducting a waste audit, organizations/ institutions can prepare a more efficient and applicable framework for waste management.


Questionnaires
I found that conducting questionnaires is also an effective way in waste management practices. There are a lot of advantages of waste questionnaires. With questionnaires, conductor receives responds based on the identical set of questions, which can help the process of generating information. Besides, questionnaires often contain questions about respondents’ opinions, which help to understand their opinions and attitudes for stepping into the processes of making corresponding measures.
Conducting a questionary is a good way to know how people think about wastes/ waste management. Understanding people’s attitudes about wastes/ waste management is crucial in improving the process of waste management. It plays an important role in promoting waste minimisation through education and awareness.
Here is an example of waste questionnaire:

Screen Shot 2016-06-12 at 10.13.36 pm.png
[Waste and Recycling Collection Service Questionnaire]
http://www.surveymonkey.com/r/PNKZCQJ


There are also different types of waste questionnaires, here is another example of waste questionnaire, which is conducted by Canada Government:

Screen Shot 2016-06-12 at 10.20.47 pm.png
Link: http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?Function=getSurvey&SDDS=1736

It is an active questionnaire that is conducted every two years in Canada. As it describes, the objective of this survey is to collect data that will help Canadians gain more understanding the practices of waste management industries in Canada. Besides, the results will help businesses to make appropriate decisions of waste management based on data in the questionnaire. Overall, the surveys will provide a comprehensive picture of waste management in Canada.

Overall, questionaries is an efficient and relatively cheap, quick evaluation tool for generating information from a large number of people. As questionnaires can be conducted online or with paper; thus it is a very practical and convenient way to investigate organic waste.
For example, the waste questionnaire can include questions about knowledge of organic wastes: e.g.,. Are you aware of the types of organic wastes?
Or, it can include a waste audit: e.g.,. Tick types of waste that you produced today.

References:
Research methods: quetionnaires 2014, Simple Psychology, viewed 11 June 2016, <www.simplypsychology.org/questionnaires.html>.
Waste Management Industry Survey: Government Sector 2015, Statistics Canada, viewed 11 June 2016, <http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?Function=getSurvey&SDDS=1736&gt;.
Waste and Recycling Collection Service Questionnaire 2016, SurveyMonkey, viewed 11 June 2016, <www.surveymonkey.com/r/PNKZCQJ>.

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