Characterised by their nature, components and quality, waste generation is an intimate part of human existence. In determining the most appropriate management plan to adopt, the cultural, economic, social and financial status can be connected to the dwellers of the space at hand both locally and around the world.

The ‘Management Practices in Higher Learning Nigeria’ paper captures the current institutional solid waste management in a Nigerian institution. A waste generation rate, pattern and characterisation was discovered through the application of both interviews and personal field observations. Results revealed that between 0.3 and 0.4 kilograms was generated daily by the students of the higher education across their various halls of residence. With halls holding up to 900 students, generated waste was gathered through waste collection bags and strategically positioned mobile bins. The waste collected on the premises were later separated into plastics, bottles, nylon and organic materials. Originally organic waste, the non-bidegradables were then sold at local markets, accumulating an estimated sum of $2900 USD every day. Continuing at this rate, a total of $1,045,450 USD is a potential yearly wealth from waste gain. Subsequently, there would be phenomenal rise in wealth if all kitchen, cafeteria and farming organic waste was utilized for bioenergy and fertiliser.

Image result for solid waste management in Kuala Lumpur

Due to rapid economic development and population growth along with a lack of infrastructure and expertise, management of municipal solid waste is one of Malaysia’s most critical environmental issues. Evidence from Kuala Lumpur evaluates the generation, characteristics and management of solid waste based on published information.Domestic waste remaining the primary source, per capita generation rate is close to 0.5–0.8 kilograms a day. While solid waste is currently managed by the Ministry of Housing and Local Government, a new institutional and legislation framework has been structured aimed at establishing a holistic, integrated and cost-effective management system. With the plan emphasising environmental protection and public health, the ‘Practices and Challenges’ article states that solid waste management has been highly prioritised to source reduction, intermediate treatment and final disposal.

Furthering my review of systematic waste reduction in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, this study employed a contingent valuation method that estimated locals willingness to pay for the improvement of household waste collection systems. Aimed at evaluating how changes in recycling and waste separation is made mandatory, the method involved asking individuals about their opinions of additional waste collection service charges. Implemented to cover the costs of a new waste management project, the plan consisted of recycling and waste separation deemed mandatory (version A) and not mandatory (version B). When asked to separate the waste, locals declined version A despite the fact that all facilities would be provided. As concluded within the study, results indicate that residents of Kuala Lumpur were not conscious of recycling and waste separation benefits. Continuative efforts must be taken in order to raise environmental awareness across households through education and an increase in the publicity of waste separation, reducing and recycling.



Coker, A., Achi, C., Sridhar, M. and Donnett, C. (2016). Solid Waste Management Practices at a Private Institution of Higher Learning in Nigeria. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 35, pp.28-39.

Manaf, L., Samah, M. and Zukki, N. (2009). Municipal solid waste management in Malaysia: Practices and challenges. Waste Management, 29(11), pp.2902-2906.

Afroz, R. and Masud, M. (2011). Using a contingent valuation approach for improved solid waste management facility: Evidence from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Waste Management, 31(4), pp.800-808. (2017). Are we ready for new solid waste management practices? | The Malaysian Times. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Jun. 2017].


One thought on “POST D”

  1. I thought it was interesting how you found that there would be a financial gain associated with utilising organic waste for bioenergy and fertiliser. From the Victorian Government report on waste management I studied, there seemed to be reluctance to employ new technologies and methods in regard to waste management with cost as a main concern. I believe that if all benefits of correct management of organic waste were publicised – particularly financial, this may persuade more skeptical members of the public to support the cause.


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