Post D: Waste Management at Home

From what I investigated on post C, I believe I can draw a nice picture for our future with waste management at home. A natural hill of composting in the backyard has long been a signifier of an eco-cognizant way of life—and all things considered. It is a cheap, simple and normal approach to occupy natural waste from a landfill where it would some way or another in fester and discharge greenhouse gasses, including uber-potent methane and nitrous oxide. Additionally, compost results in a dirt alteration that can be utilized to balance out soils: overflow is decreased, dampness is held, and trim yields are expanded, all of which are ever more important as global population surpasses 7 billion. It is a rich shut circle.

Compost is plant food. It is light, nutrient-rich soil putting in the garden or potted plants to make them grow better. So why don’t we accomplish a greater amount of it? According to a 2014 report on U.S. composting practices produced by the nonprofit Institute for Local Self-Reliance, “almost half the materials Americans discard—food scraps, yard trimming, and soiled paper—is compostable.”

Step 1: Before I get to the actual steps of fertilizing the soil, we will need to choose where and how to gather our materials. There are three conceivable ways to gather your material:

  • Make a bin
  • Purchase a bin
  • Pile it freely with no container

The choice is completely up to you contingent upon your yard surroundings and your own preference. If you have a lot of space outside and don’t have any desire to contain your fertilizer, basically assign an area where you will gather your materials. If you need to contain it, in any case, you can either purchase a canister or make your own.

Step 2: Purchasing a compost bins and make your own fertilizer bin: If you need to make your own fertilizer container, here’s the way. Essentially nail together four slips and you have an immaculate 64 cubic foot bin. You can construct one out of simple to shape wire. Chicken wire is a bit excessively flimsy, yet whatever else will work fine. Simply nail the wire to four posts and you have a bin.

(Earthsfriends, 2015)

Step 3: Make Your Compost Pile Directly on the Ground: It is best to make your compost bin straightforwardly on the ground.

(Earthsfriends, 2015)

Step 4: Making Homemade Compost

  • Begin with Yard Scraps: When you cut your grass or rake up the leaves, place them in your fertilizer heap. Hurl twigs in there and also this gives ventilation.
  • Include Table Scraps: Things you can compost: collecting table scraps in a basin and when it is full, essentially dump it over the yard scraps after the meals.
  • The Composting Rule of Ratio: Keep it sipmle! Regardless of the fact that your ratios are not correct, you can create incredible compost by sticking to a general composting principle of proportion: 4 parts brown to 1 part green. The brown stuff: sticks, twigs, dried leaves – is carbon; the green stuff: wet green leaves, kitchen scraps – is nitrogen. This proportion is significant, however don’t give that a chance to consume you with stress. Basically just eyeball the measure of the mass you put into your pile and attempt to keep it to the 4 – 1 ratio.
  • Stab and Stir: You will presumably be anxious to tend to your compost bin, so consistently simply go out and cut at it with your shovel. Each 2 – 3 weeks you can dig down and blend it. This is essential as it keeps the pile ventilated and maintains a strategic distance from the development of buildup

That is it! This time one year later from now, you will have a lot of complete fertilizer to use in your greenery garden. You’ll be happy at how glad your plants, vegetables, herbs, and so on are to have such rich and solid soil. Additionally, you can make your home greener and recovery the earth.


Schenker M.2015, 3 reasons homemade compost is awesome, earthsfriends, viewed 10 June 2016, <;

EPA 2015, Recycling Organic Waste, The NSW Environment Protection Authority, viewed 10 June 2016, <;

Mulvihill A.2015, The tricky business of composting, livable future blog, viewed 10 June 2016, <;


Post C: Waste Management

Australians are among the world’s largest producers of waste. With the exception of the USA, Australia produces more waste per individual each year than any other country. The millions of tonnes of waste disposed of into our environment every year are symbolic of our presently unsustainable patterns of production and consumption. Sydney is running out of places to put its waste.

(EPA 2015)

A large number of Australia’s major urban focuses appear to be in a persistent condition of development, extending to suit their inhabitants and the high standard of living they appreciate. Advanced waste transfer frameworks are accordingly required to manage the huge amounts of resulting trash and contamination.

Disposing of solid waste, for example household garbage and commercial and industrial, has traditionally involved dumping it in a landfill. The use of landfills as a waste disposal method does, however, present a number of environmental management problems. Finding new and proper landfill destinations is turning out to be considerably more difficult and the idea of a landfill itself is not sustainable, as it won’t keep going forever.

In Sydney, for instance, the issue of discovering new landfill destinations has led to recommendations that the city’s waste could be dumped in different zones of the State, for example, at a abandoned mine close to the local town of Goulburn. Roughly 250 kms south-west of the city, using this landfill as a technique for waste management would basically build Sydney’s as of now huge ‘ecological footprint’. This is the aggregate sum of area required by a city to oblige for the necessities of its inhabitants

In addition, numerous household products are potentially harmful, including cleaning items, paints, pool chemicals, garden products and distraction chemicals. Leftover or unwanted materials like these, referred to as ‘household problem wastes’, require special treatment and processing and cannot be placed in your bins.

On the other hand, Commercial and industrial wastes arise from business, industrial or trade activities and include construction and demolition wastes. Wastes generated from commercial or industrial sources that are potentially hazardous to people or the environment require a higher level of control and are called prescribed industrial wastes (PIW). The huge quantity of waste production and disgraceful techniques of waste disposal were found to be causing environmental pollution in the campus. This has direct and indirect effects on people, animal and plant life alike. The study uncovered that around three-fourth of respondents considered gagging of seepage framework with trash as a major problem faced outside the house.


ABS 2006, ‘Solid Waste In Australia’, Australian Bureau Of Statistics, viewed 10 June 2016 <;

EPA Victoria 2015, ‘Waste’, Environment Protection Authority Victoria, EPA, viewed 10 June 2016, <;

Environmental Defenders Office 2007, ‘Waste management in Western Australia: current law and practice and recommendations for reform’, viewed 10 June 2016, <;

Post B: Research Method

In my opinion, most of the time, Secondary Research would start during or after brainstorming process. Brainstorming brings in ideas or concepts/themes that would become the topic of secondary research. Topic for secondary research can also come from different stages of the process; basically, anytime a new question arises in the process, secondary research can be used to find the answer. It provides answers to the questions, and will narrow down the subject domain making it easier for primary research to be conducted later on.

I have been thinking about recycling organic wastes which mentioned on post A but feel that it may be too difficult, complicated, or time-consuming, I have investigated about making it from the secondary sources to collect datas and information for my research.

As we all know, every year, tons of organic materials are thrown away, needlessly filling up landfills. Trash is often trapped and sealed underground to form landfills; by removing organic materials from trash before it is sent to the landfill, we can perform two beneficial acts for the environment—we can decrease the amount of material that must be stored in rapidly filling landfills, and we can increase the amount of rich, organic soil for plants to enjoy. I aim to make it clear and simple and join it without making it a big deal. I am going to discuss some recycling methods we can apply for our real world greener.

Fruit peels (ISO.CUHK 2014)

Thorough spring cleaning happens in numerous Chinese homes amid the keep running up to the Lunar New Year as individuals endeavor to make their homes spotless for family meals and visitors. However numerous chemical cleaning agents contain harmful components that are inconvenient to well-being and environment, and eco-accommodating cleansers are an expensive option not each family unit can bear. Nevertheless, we can throw together our own green cleaner utilizing organic product residue. They’re surprisingly simple to make and more effective than we might suspect. All it takes is a little persistence.

Organic products (ISO.CUHK 2014)

While your first container of organic product catalyst is effervescing ceaselessly, there’s no compelling reason to come back to synthetic cleansers. A couple of basic, straightforward things from the wash room will keep your home shimmering clean. Consolidate one teaspoonful of baking soda, half teaspoonful of dish cleanser, and two tablespoonfuls of white vinegar for a helpful  universally handy more clean. Two grapefruit parts sprinkled generously with coarse salt will expel grime from shower tubs and gives, and leave metallic installations sparkling. Give your sink and stove-best a decent scouring with a glue of 1/3 container baking soda and warm water. For no nonsense latrine cleaning, pour one measure of preparing pop into a depleted can bowl, took after gradually by one measure of white vinegar. Make sure to cover as much of the dish surface with vinegar as could reasonably be expected. Scrub with toilet brush, turn water back on, and flush.

To clean the microwave oven, put one tablespoon of white vinegar and some water in an expansive bowl, and microwave until a large portion of the water has vanished. Give the remaining water a chance to chill for 10 minutes then deliberately expel the dish. Wipe the dividers of the microwave with a wipe sprinkled with some baking soda. Wipe again with a sodden fabric.


ISO 2014, ‘Green and Thrifty, with Notes of Fruit’, Hong Kong Chinese University, viewed 10 June 2016, <>



Garbage consumes up landfill room, produces greenhouse gasses, and wastes non-renewable energy sources. In any case, recycling diminishes greenhouse gas emissions and monitors our natural resources. If you want to shrink the carbon footprint of your household, you’ll need to know exactly how much waste you are generating and how much of it could be recycled instead. Waste audits are the best ways to do this.

My diet meal is simple: eggs, veggies, tea, fruits. there are many vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, protein, fat, and carbs; everything my body needs – for healthy. And I think it’s ecologically sound and economically viable. I can save money on medical bills later in life. Also I can spend less on dental bills now. So here is my one day waste audit. You can see there are eggshells, orange peels, and tea bottles (for recycling)




Orange peels


Tea bottles

Why I Should Conduct a Waste Audit

As I do my part to ensure the planet, one of the initial steps is to play out my own one of a kind waste review at home. The vast majority don’t know the amount of waste they really produce! There’s one and only approach to find out.

A waste review will let me know the amount of waste I currently produce and the amount I could recycle. Monitoring this data will make my room greener and my waste less demanding to oversee. When I comprehend what materials I’m wasting the most, I can make a move to decrease my dependence on those materials to save both money and the earth.

Step by step instructions to Conduct a Waste Audit

Reviewing is a comprehensive approach to calculate and arrange imperative data. For my one day waste review, my rubbish will give every one of the information I require, however it won’t be valuable unless I compose my techniques early and know how to gather and interpret it. I take the following steps to conduct a waste audit.

  • Gather my supplies
  • Organize my audit
  • Sort my trash
  • Record my findings
  • Graph my results

After conducting my audit, I start to brainstorm the problems and solutions.

Instead of using chemical fertilizers, we can take advantage of the kitchen waste to make fertilizer nutrients for plant cleaning. Kitchen waste such as fruit or damage excess, the shell as banana peel, orange peel, egg shells, and chicken bones, pig bones are a natural source of nutrients available in the family. These waste products can be manufactured entirely into nutrient fertilizer for crops. There are many different ways to use depending on the conditions of each person. Eggshell is natural source of calcium, protein is also available in fruits and vegetables. We may collect eggshells, and washed them and then dried and baked them on firewood or fire in the oven and then pulverized to add land to the plant. I also regularly do this. Because condominiums should not be doing much. Just 1 layer of soil removed 1 layer chopped vegetables. Do it around 1 month, there are only the nose of all the layers of vegetables will become black. Mix well with a soil mixture for composting and grow plants.

Backwoodshome 1997, You can make your own fertilizers, viewed 10 June 2016, <;

Naturemomsblog 2008, Recycling Stuff For Your Garden, viewed 10 June 2016, <;