Post D

The three “R”s are used in waste managements commonly. They represent “Reduction, Reuse and Recovery”. As waste generation increases, processing costs increase, available landfill space. The three “R” has become the core objective of sustainable waste management (Dalhousie University, 2011).

The concept of waste reduction or waste minimization involves redesigning the product or changing Consumption, use and waste generated by the social model to prevent waste minimising the toxicity of waste produced. A common example of waste reduction. Including the use of reusable coffee cups instead of disposable coffee mugs, reduced product packaging, and buy durable products that can be repaired rather than replaced. The reduction can also be achieved by reducing the consumption of products, goods, and services. The most effective way the first thing to reduce waste is because no waste is created, so waste is the first place to reduce waste. In many cases, the product can be reduced by reusing the product. Action to take action before waste is actually produced and can also be called pre-cycle. Sometimes it may be used for the same purpose multiple times in the same form; this is known as “Reuse”. Many examples include using one-sided paper for notes and reusing disposable paper Shopping bags or using boxes as storage containers. Re-use of the product replaced Need to buy other products, so as to prevent waste. Minimise waste reducing and reusing provides several advantages, including the conservation of the use of natural resources (Dalhousie University, 2011). 

New products and waste generated in the manufacturing process to reduce the waste generated product processing and reduce costs associated with waste disposal. Not all of the discarded products can be removed, and even reusable products will need to be replaced eventually. Waste is unavoidable as a byproduct of human life, but in many ways, wasting may be transferred and recycled into valuable new materials. Glass, plastic Paper products are usually collected and the concept of waste reduction or waste minimization involves redesigning the product or changing consumption, use and waste generated by the social model to prevent waste minimising the toxicity of waste produced (SUEZ, 2017). A common example of waste reduction including the use of reusable coffee cups instead of disposable coffee mugs, reduced product packaging, and buy durable products that can be repaired rather than replaced. The reduction can also be achieved by reducing the consumption of products, goods, and services. In many cases, the most effective way is the first thing to reduce waste. No waste is created so wasting is the first place to reduce waste. In many cases, the product can be reduced by reusing the product. Action to take action before waste is actually produced and can also be called pre-cycle. Sometimes it may be used for the same purpose multiple times in the same form so this is known as reuse. Examples include using one-sided paper for notes and reusing disposable paper Shopping bags or using boxes as storage containers. Re-use of the product replaced Need to buy other products, so as to prevent waste. Minimise waste Reducing and reusing provides several advantages, including the conservation of the use of natural resources (Dalhousie University, 2011).

New products and waste generated in the manufacturing process; to reduce the waste generated product processing and reduce costs associated with waste disposal. Not all of the discarded products can be removed, and even reusable products will eventually need to be replaced. Wasting is unavoidable as a byproduct of human life, but in many ways, this waste may be transferred and recycled into valuable new materials. Glass, plastic paper products are usually collected and sometimes it may be used for the same purpose multiple times in the same form so this is known as “Reuse”. Many examples include using one-sided paper for notes and reusing disposable paper Shopping bags or using boxes as storage containers. Re-use of the product replaced the need to buy other products, so as to prevent waste. Minimise waste reducing and reusing provides several advantages, including the conservation of the use of natural resources. New products and waste generated in the manufacturing process to reduce the waste generated product processing and reduce costs associated with waste disposal. Not all of the discarded products can be removed, and even reusable products will eventually need to be replaced. Waste is unavoidable as a byproduct of human life (Kim, 2002), but in many ways, this waste may be transferred and recycled into valuable new materials. Glass, plastic paper products are usually collected and remodelled into new materials and products. Recycling the product offers many benefits of reducing waste (replacing the use of new materials, reducing waste generation and disposal-related costs), but recovery requires energy and inputs some new material, which reduces it to the waist level rather than reducing and reusing (Dalhousie University, 2011).

Many waste management frameworks attempt to incorporate this capability into three “R”. In England, North America, the whole of Europe and parts of Asia, are being incorporated into the waste hierarchy promote the adoption and use of “reduction, reuse, and recycling” initiatives. Waste management level puts the highest priority of waste prevention and reuses in the first place Waste recycling.

We went to investigate Lucas Heights Resource Recovery Park.tupian2

(From homepage)

The SUEZ Organic Resource Recycling Facility is an open-air composting system that accepts only organic substances separated from sources, such as gardening organic, liquid grease traps and some commercial organic materials, including wood and sawdust. These materials are processed into high-quality compost products for home gardens, as well as public open spaces such as stadiums and park garden beds, improving the social facilities of the local community. Other high-quality compost products are used to improve soil fertility and reduce environmental hazards in the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides in vegetable, fruit and wine production (SUEZ, 2017).

SUEZ currently has 8 organic resource recovery facilities. SUEZ’s organic resource recovery facility does not accept residential (or roadside) food waste, however, our advanced resource recovery technology (ARRT) facility welcomes this ingredient through the Council and commercial and industrial contracts (SUEZ, 2017).

 

References: 

SUEZ, 2017. Environmental Management, accessed 18 June 2017, <http://www.sita.com.au/sustainability/environmental-management/&gt;

SUEZ, 2017. Organic Resource Recovery Facilities, accessed 18 June 2017, <http://www.sita.com.au/facilities/organic-resource-recovery-facilities/&gt;

Dalhousie University, 2011. Waste Management Practices: Literature Review, accessed 18 June 2017, <https://www.dal.ca/content/dam/dalhousie/pdf/dept/sustainability/Waste%20Management%20Literature%20Review%20Final%20June%202011%20%281.49%20MB%29.pdf&gt;

Post C

“A Research design is the sequence of the whole process of conducting research.” -Miller’s research design is a “blueprint” for research. Study design defines the types and subtypes, the research question, hypothesis, the independent and dependent variable, experimental design, the method of data collection and statistical analysis plan (if applicable). A research design is a framework for finding answers to research questions (Utkarsh, 2015).”

 

The first step in the research process is to define or redefine the research to be based on. The research problem may be the knowledge or information that the organisation deems necessary. The researchers should thoroughly understand the problem and examine all available documents related to the problem (Utkarsh, 2015).

 

Our team generated a list of methods from which we will list some of the methods used to collect primary and secondary information to inform us of the way we operate.

data2

Therefore,our group of green tea leaves uses these different ways, such as competitive analysis, observation, surveys, literature research, experience testing. The goal is remodelling UTS underground market.

 

Determine the sample design – the sample can be defined as a group. The researchers must decide how to choose a sample that is called a sample design (Utkarsh, 2015).

Data collection – actual research begins with data collection. Collecting data is a critical step in providing information about the answers to research questions. Each of these studies involves collecting certain types of data, whether from literature or from subjects, to answer research questions. Performing project-execution projects is a very important step because it requires the right lines, sufficient and reliable matters (Utkarsh, 2015).

Capture

The survey was shared through online social media and in person by handing out printed A4 flyers. We received 50 responses and a thorough impression of how people felt about disposing of their waste. Students frequently waste. Students frequently wrote that the Underground could be improved with better signage and labelling.

Data analysis – after collecting data, the researchers are responsible for the analysis. Data analysis requires some related operations, such as creating raw data, encoding, and drawing statistical inferences from a pie chart (Utkarsh, 2015).

Using three colour posters allows us to better distinguish and pass the trash so that the right trash becomes the appropriate colour. In our design, there are three colours: red, green and yellow. In interaction design, such as Facebook and sets, our team really created this page, we can communicate on related concepts, you can also provide the appropriate skills in the above food second use so that we better get involved with the design. For example, some meringue dessert is all about using up those egg whites leftover from recipes that call only for the yolks.

We designed the results to help UTS students how to better reduce food waste, how to correct the garbage classification and a series of problems. Research helps you understand users and their problems in order to design useful user-centric solutions.

 

References: 

Utkarsh, G. 2015, Research Process and Research Design, viewed 15 June 2017, <https://www.slideshare.net/DVutkarsh/research-process-and-research-design>

De Vaus, D. A. Research Design in Social Research. London: SAGE, 2001; Trochim, William M.K. Research Methods Knowledge Base. 2006, viewed 15 June 2017, <http://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/researchdesigns&gt;

Explorable, 2017, Research Design, viewed 15 June 2017, <https://explorable.com/research-designs&gt;

Post B: Caddy Design Reflection

How can different design disciplines contribute to organic waste solutions?

Our team in the design of this project, the use of each person’s expertise to design the caddy design. Our team mixes product design, fashion design and design of visual communication. Different design disciplines have a different understanding of organic waste solutions. Everyone according to their own strengths and division of labour, effective to the distribution of various work. At the same time, our group is a combination of international students and local students. From different countries, the mode of thinking is also slightly different. So we focus on teaching video and paper poster design so that the audience can give a more intuitive visual experience. As our video time is relatively long, you can add some interesting things or voice to attract the reader’s attention.

Why is it important to include designers in the management of organic waste?

Designers can use the design more intuitive and concise design works. One of the designs of visual communication can be an intuitive use of visual effects to convey their views so that the theme and the concept of more clear. Designers can use less material and resources to achieve its greatest value.

What contribution does design make to thinking about systems? to changing systems? to inventing systems?11

(cover illustration:This is a part of the continually evolving lunar base concept in 1989. “This particular concept shows a cutaway of the interior of a 16 m-diameter habitation dome. The “sandbags” covering it are filled with lunar dust and provide some radiation protection. Inside are living quarters, exercise facilities, laboratories, and a hydroponic garden for growing food replenishing oxygen, and recycling water.” This example can effectively answer this question. How the designer considers the system to run and changes the system more rationally. In the fewer resources to create the greatest effect.

 

References:

Gregory L, 2009, Waste Limitation Management and Recycling Design Challenge, viewed 9 May 2017,<https://www.nasa.gov/pdf/396719main_WLMR_Educator_Guide.pdf&gt;.

 

 

 

 

 

Post A: Wealth From Waste

People waste food every day, and about 20 percent of food is wasted in Australia. “Leichhardt Council estimates that about 40 percent of the waste from its household garbage bins is food.”(Frew 2014) We need to reconsider how we grow, pack, transport, sell and consume food.

one day

Breakfast: Sushi and water. I get breakfast in a sushi shop. The sushi has lots of energy. Sushi has some organic food. However, the less rice will waste.

Lunch: Rice, fish and vegetable. I get this lunch from a Chinese restaurant. Some vegetables and fish will waste.

Snack: Chicken and coffee/milk tea. The packaging will throw in the garbage bin.

Herriman says one of the surprising things she discovered was that in Australia, most food is wasted by residents rather than by supermarkets. But the bigger picture is one of food waste all down the chain, from the farmer to the consumer. We need to rethink how we grow, package, transport, market and consume food, she says. (Wendy 2014) So, I go to a restaurant and I would not order too much food. As an international student, I cook rarely and take away is a usual thing.  So I do not want to waste too much food and food waste is less.

a

In fact, I eat this kind of organic food rarely. However, I eat food with the organic material of packaging bag. This packaging can recycle using.

 

Reference:

Wendy, 2014, Our food waste is our wealth, viewed 5 April 2017, <https://phys.org/news/2014-03-food-wealth.html&gt;