Post D: Waste Management Proposal

According to my research on post C, Poor organic waste management is damaging our environment. For instance, landfill waste treatment releases greenhouse gas into earth’s atmosphere. However, Organic waste management has a lot of potential. Not only in the field of environment, but also financially for business.


Better policies for business

A better policy for business is needed to manage organic waste as a resource, but not only rubbish. Sadly, the fact is 47 percent of the organic waste was disposed of to landfill (Australian Government Department of the Environment, 2013). The reason that the use landfill has a higher percentage is because it is the fastest way to dispose waste. And for large country like Australia, we have enough land to do so. Although country like Australia have large open spaces. Landfill is not the ultimate solution for a smart waste management. However, for the organic waste it is not beneficial. It wasted the potential of the organic waste.


Government needs to support the businesses and organisations that use better waste management, such as composting and recycling. Businesses care about their profits. What government can do is to increase the tax to do landfill and to reduce the tax on smarter waste management like composting and recycling. Making landfill even more expensive can make business think twice before they plan their waste management. And support the businesses that use smarter waste management to make those companies look positive to the society. Or even give bonus to them.



I believe education is important in any field. Not only educating the next generation to be environment friendly. I think it is also necessary to educate the whole waste management industry. Better moral understanding in waste management is going to benefit this country.


According to national waste policy (2016). Government sets six key areas that would benefit the waste management of this country.

  1. Taking responsibility

Share responsibility for reducing the harm to this country. The best way to do it is use smarter waste management like composting and recycling. The process maybe longer, but manage organic waste as a resource is beneficial.


  1. Improving the market

Australian market should be welcome recovered resources in the market. Encourage more business to do so. Make the waste management market efficient and effective.


  1. Pursuing sustainability

Decrease the number of waste and increase the number of recovered resources. Encourage the use of composting and recycling.


  1. Reducing hazard and risk

Environment harming waste management like landfill should be less used. Reduce the contamination of soil.


  1. Tailoring solutions

Less unnecessary waste from the communities and more recover and reuse.


  1. Providing the evidence

Decision makers should learn from country’s need. Inform and educate the behaviour and the choices of the community.


Overall, government should support the smarter waste management by making better policies for them. And I think education is important for everyone to avoid more waste and pollution.




Australian Government Department of the Environment. 2013. National Waste Reporting 2013. Canberra: Australian Government.

Australian Government Department of the Environment. 2016. National Waste Policy. Australian Government



Post C: The management of Organic Waste

Organic waste management is important in urban life. Not only because it is essential for individual household, it also benefits the region’s environment.

Organic waste includes materials such as food waste and plant based material, including vegetable and fruit scraps, newspapers, prunings, grass clipping, weeds or even hair. A large percentage of household waste and other waste is organic.owaste.png There are few different ways in managing organic waste, such as landfilling, recycling and composting. As landfill
is one of the oldest form
of waste management. The focus is on composting and recycling. The future of organic waste management is based on the reuse of the organic waste for compost production.


Reducing waste to landfill

When people put organic waste into the household rubbish bin, it is going to be dumped in landfill. The organic material rots without oxygen in landfill. Therefore, this process produces odorous gases and methane. This is a potent greenhouse gas with 21 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide.


Organic waste in landfill produces leachate. Leachate is a liquid that created during the process of waste decomposition. It contains harmful resources that can damage the groundwater and waterways.

Benefits of composting

  • During the composting process, rich nutrients are released into the land. This benefits the plants.
  • Compost improves the soil health and structure. And it improves quality of the soils. It also helps sandy soils hold water.
  • Compost limits the need for water, pesticides and fertilizers.
  • Compost helps to absorb and filter runoff, protecting streams from erosion and pollution.
  • Composting is friendly waste management of the environment. It is a natural process of decomposition. It turns wastes into helpful materials and benefits the earth


Better Economic

Composting waste management not only benefits the environment. Is also benefits the business. By composting organic waste, businesses have less cost in waste management. We all know landfill is expensive. First of all, the land purchase is costly and maintaining cost is also high. 47 per cent of the organic waste was disposed of to landfill (Australian Government Department of the Environment, 2013). Organic waste has a lot of potential but poor waste management is not only hurting our environment and also the economy.


Greenhouse gases

The greenhouse effect is already a serious problem for the human race now. The landfill gas is made up to 54 percent of methane and 40 percent of carbon dioxide. Methane is extremely harmful for our environment. These greenhouse gases are going to affect human health.



The land used for landfill is not useable in the future because it is contaminated. The waste in landfills breaks down without oxygen. It produces materials like acids. The acids can affect other waste items to create leachate. Leachate collects at bottom of the land landfills. And it can damage the ground water system. This makes the damage of the contamination ever harder than usual.


Overall, poor organic waste management is damaging our one and only earth. Better decisions must be made and we need to be reasonable in waste management in order to protect our environment.




Administrator. 2016. Back to Earth green waste recycling benefits., accessed 14 June 2016, <;

Australian Government Department of the Environment. 2013. National Waste Reporting 2013. Canberra: Australian Government.

Composting Fact Sheet. 2009. Clean Up Australia Ltd.,Viewed on 13 June 2016,







Post B: Data collecting methods

It is very important to do more surveys and researches to investigate the organic waste, as it is very associated with people’s daily lives and even the future of the human beings. During the researches, the data methods play a very important role in the success of the projects and it mainly includes the qualitative methods and the quantitative methods. By combining the qualitative methods and the quantitative methods, people can know more about the results and people’s various kinds of ideas in the actual situations (Ritchie et al, 2013).

The qualitative method refers to the methods that are aiming to figure out the reasons that result in certain phenomena (Pickard, 2012). In the surveys, it mainly used the interview methods and by making good use of the interviews, it can help the researchers to better catch the ideas of the participants. One on one interview is the communication between the interviewer and the interviewees (Matthews & Ross, 2014). In the researches, it is aiming to explore citizens’ ideas about the organic waste, such as their future directions and how people can minimize their waste.survey-graphic_sized First of all, the interviewees will be selected, as they should be various kinds of ages and the occupations so that it can make the data more realistic. For example, it covers mainly four age range, namely the children under 16 years old, young people from 17-27 years old, middle age from 28-45 years old and the elder people above 46 years old. Moreover, about the occupations, such as white collar, students and so on, the number of each occupation group selected is about three and it is totally up to 24 persons in the interview researching method. Secondly, about the time schedule, it is set about 15-20 minutes per person and try to get more data as much as possible. Thirdly, it is very necessary to set the suitable questions, as the time is limited. Therefore, the questions mainly include three directions, namely the formation of the organic waste, the recognition of the organic waster and the solutions. After doing the data collections, we use the quantitative methods to analyze the reasons and the future development of how to solve the organic waste issues.

When talking about the interviews method, it does belong one of the most useful researching methods that can help the researchers to figure out the thoughts of the participants about certain researching questions. However, it also has some limitations, which should be paid more attention to. For the participants, not all of them are willing to spend time in completing the interviews. At the same time, it is very important to keep the privacy of the participants and should not leak out the personal information. In a word, the interview researching surveys does really useful and it can provide many different kinds of data for the researchers in the actual situations. In the future study, it will try to overcome the limitations and develop the strength of the certain researching methods in order to complete the surveys well.


Matthews, B., & Ross, L. (2014). Research methods. New York: Pearson Higher Ed.

Pickard, A. (2012). Research methods in information. London: Facet publishing.

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Nicholls, C. M., & Ormston, R. (Eds.). (2013). Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. New York: Sage.

Post A: a day of waste

A normal Sunday, woke up at around 11am, skipped breakfast which saved the waste of a meal but wasted a whole morning. I kept the water flowing when I was brushing my teeth. Then I toasted 2 slices of bread spreading with Nutella and banana cut into pieces for brunch and ended up with half slice left and tossed the leftover and banana peels in the trash. After finished the meal, I was going to do some uni stuff but couldn’t stop browsing facebook, twitter, youtube, instagram and repeated in circle. In the meanwhile, the lights were on because the curtain was pulled down even in the daylight. I was trying to draw some illustration on my sketchbook wasted a few pages but still didn’t get a satisfied result. Time passed so quickly and it was so easy to waste the whole afternoon. Then I went out for dinner with my flat mates. I was so hungry that I thought I could eat pounds of burger so I ordered a lot but barely finished. And I wasted lots of issues when I was having food. I took away the leftover but forgot it in the fridge until it went bad then I threw it away.

Here I choose the banana peel as an example to visualize the cycle of its life via illustration. LIFE CYCLE OF BANANA.png

Banana peel comes from a banana and bananas come from banana trees obviously. But how does a banana tree come from? Through the research I found out bananas do not grow from a seed but from a bulb or rhizome and it is a perennial plant that replaces itself. The trees sprout from underground rootstalks that rise horizontally from a mature banana tree. Bananas sprout from the female flowers, which are sprouted from the trees, without pollination. The time between planting a banana tree and the fruitage of the banana bunch is from 9 to 12 months and then those bunches of bananas will be sent to retailers and markets. Most of people eat bananas and toss the peels in the trash. However, banana peel has a lot of benefits and it is eco-friendly.

remains of banana yellow peel

It can be used as compost, fertilizer for your garden and feed for seedlings and livestock like chickens, rabbits and pigs. According to a article posted by Janice Taylor, peels add potassium and phosphorus to compost which promote root development and overall plant health when incorporated into garden soil. And also it is the perect feed of seedlings. Just chop up banana peels and bury one or two small pieces in the dirt at the bottom of planting holes or seed starting containers to give your young plants a boost of nutrients that will also aid in root development and disease resistance.



Abracos,E., 2011, “How bananas are grown”, BnanaLink, viewed 10 June 2016, <;

Tilden E.,2015, “life cycle of banana plants”, eHOW, viewed 10 June 2016, <;

Taylor, J., 2014, “16 Ingenius Ways to Re-use Banana Peels”, Natural Living Ideas, viewed 10 June 2016, <;