Post D: Literature Review- Closing the Loop from the beginning and the end

Depending on the organisation or institutions approach, the reduction of organic waste can be seen at various stages and locations within the waste management system. Two very indifferent organisations Closed loop and DoSomething, although they share the same long term goal, they interject at either the end or beginning of the waste management system impacting both locally and nationally.
Closed Loop
Rob Pascoe the Managing director of Closed Loop has formed a community of restaurants and businesses in Melbourne called City Harvest. Their objective is to reduce food waste in landfill by over 90 percent by utilising Closed Loop’s Organic Recycling Units. These units are fully contained onsite, transforming restaurants and businesses food waste into composts, reducing food waste volumes by up to 90 percent in 24hours.
To help these businesses Closed Loop conducts full waste audits and creates a communication plan to help staff and contractors to understand and engage with the program internally. Joost Bakker a designer and restaurateur has two closed loop organic machines installed in his Silo Café and Greenhouse restaurant. The compost that’s produced is collected and delivered to local urban gardens, where the produce created from their compost is then sold back to the participating restaurants and therefore helping their local community.
Cecconi’s Flinders Lane, ClosedLoop, viewed 4th June 2017, <;.
Cocconis Cantia restaurant has also had positive effects from using these units as they have had a huge reduction in waste, having 12 weekly waste pickups three years ago to currently three. Closed Loop hopes that they can increase the scale of their impact nationally, having every restaurant and business in Australia using and managing their own waste locally. (
Food Waste Fast Facts, Do Something, Viewed 4th June 2017, <;.
Comparatively DoSomething chooses to try and manage the organic waste produced before it is even created. Foodwise is DoSomething’s latest campaign to ‘reduce the environmental impact of Australialia’s food consumption’( It is DoSomethings main approach to educate people through their website with hard facts and reasonable lifestyle change suggestions, to improve our own health and the wellbeing of our environment. They have extensive articles on the benefits of choosing seasonal food, changing our standards, growing our own food, composting correctly, food security, meal planning and recipes and a plethora of other engaging topic.
Comparing these two approaches is interesting, especially as they align with our group’s goal to interject at the begging of UTS waste manangement through education and also at the end, as the Closed loop organic recycling units are used at UTS. Conducting this further research via the Closed Loop website gave me a better understanding of the units potential while DoSomething was a fantastic source, for it was found when researching for Data to educate people about organic wastes environmental impact.
Cecconi’s Flinders Lane, Closed Loop,viewed 4th June 2017, <>.
Closed Loop and Cecconi’s Cantina Host City Harvest Launch, Closed Loop, viewed 4th June 2017, <>.
Foodwise,DoSomething, viewed 4th June 2017,<>.
Organic Recycling, Closed Loop, viewed 4th June 2017, <>.

POST C : Researching Methods- Got to Start Somewhere

Our team, Green Tea Leaves conducted various means of research methods to determine the appropriateness’ and to develop a solution in line with our briefs goals.
Green Tea Leaves main objectives for the brief were to:
• Educate the people who use the undergrounds food court, about their wastes impact to the environment.
• Change the waste system within the underground so that the waste produced in the underground was divided correctly.

Green Tealeaves, 2017, Waste Management in the Underground Survey, Survey Monkey, Taken Screenshot 7th June 2017.

We started with surveying people to justify that these objectives were necessary and that the lack of education was the cause of higher volumes of food wastage and incorrect waste disposal. 42% of people said that they don’t know how to divide their waste properly while 30 out of 50 people commented that if the bins were labelled better, that it would make dividing waste easier. This was a really imperative step for us as it highlighted our first design approach.

Our team recorded and reviewed footage of people using the undergrounds waste system. This footage reaffirmed that a large portion of people didn’t understand the bin system because of their incorrect disposal of their waste. However it was not because of a lack of trying, multiple people took time to examine and process where they believed their rubbish should go, this confirmed to us that our stakeholders- being the users of the underground were a good target audience.

Literature Review:


Organic Recycling, Closed Loop, viewed 4th June 2017, <>.

The statistics and information we found from literary sources was the primary data we used for education and encouragement for people to divide their waste and change their habits. It was really important for us to have hard facts and statistics from a creditable and trustworthy sources for our audience to believe and resonate with.

Visual Analysis:


University of technology Sydney Marketing, 2017, UTS Brand Guidelines April 2017, University of Technology Sydney, viewed 3rd June 2017, < >

Having the UTS board and marketing team as some of our main stakeholders, we believed that it was beneficial for our design aesthetics to fit cohesively within the new UTS branding. Therefore this meant that we relied on visual analysis of the current changes around the university while also assessing the UTS Branding Guidelines

to develop our designs aesthetics. Things taken into consideration were colour schemes, typography, composition and layout and iconography.

Combining what we had concluded from the literature reviews and visual analysis we were able to create our designs. It was then because of our mapping of the underground area that we could deduce where our designs could fit within the space the most effectively.

Overall these research methods were imperative to the success of our design in accordance to our brief. It was a lot easier to find solutions based from the data we found from each of these methods.



Organic Recycling, Closed Loop, viewed 4th June 2017, <>.

Green Tealeaves, 2017, Waste Management in the Underground Survey, Survey Monkey, Taken Screenshot 7th June 2017.

University of technology Sydney Marketing, 2017, UTS Brand Guidelines April 2017, University of Technology Sydney, viewed 3rd June 2017, < > **Images were collaged together by Tegan Kearney

University of technology Sydney Marketing, 2017, UTS MCU Tone of Voice Guide, UTS, Sydney, viewed 3rd June 2017, < >



Blog Post B: Reflection and Systems


Green Tea Leaves, 2017,  Kitchen Caddy Liner Flyer, Lab B: Wealth from Waste, University of Technology Sydney.

We all rely and belong to multitudes of complex systems in our day to day lives. As a designer it is in our nature to approach problems within these systems in a more diverse and broad way, therefore creating innovating solutions. To do this our design solutions are to be effective on more than just a component level, they are required to be formed from a group of interacting, interrelated and interdepended components that form a complex and unified solution’ (Pegasus Communications, 2012)

Case Study:

Sian from EPA approached our team with a problem within the waste management system. Focusing our scope to organic waste, as a means to improve this system, we were given the brief to design a successful kitchen caddy liner that numerous demographics could use and construct on their own.

If done successfully these kitchen caddy liners would encourage residences to divide their organic waste from general waste so it does not arrive in landfill, resulting in the release of toxic greenhouse gasses and further pollution into our water ways.


Green Tea Leaves, 2017, Collaborative Group Dynamics, Lab B Wealth From Waste, University of Technology Sydney.

Our group the Green Tea Leaves was able to successfully meet this brief. A large part of our designs success was due to our teams compatibility and multidisciplinary backgrounds: integrated product Design (IPD), Visual Communication and Fashion and Textiles design.

Various collaborative approaches like these are encouraged in design thinking and problem solving because some issues are simply too complex for an individual to comprehend and resolve completely (Whyte and Bessant 2007). Our group found after complying with our charter that ‘Exercising collaborative skills and playing to one another’s strengths’ successful as it opened up new approaches and perspectives.

Screen Shot 2017-06-16 at 4.21.30 pm

Screen Shot 2017-06-16 at 4.21.18 pm

Green Tea Leaves, 2017, Group Charter, Lab B Wealth to Waste, University Technology Sydney.

Each of us had different assets and characteristics to contribute to make our design work, enabling our successful impact within the organic waste system:

IPD- Timo and Tanya: Questioned the true origins of the problem within the overall system, conducted research and made sure our findings were compatible through concise recording methods.
Visual communication- Gladys: Validated the success of our design, the construction methods needed to be easily and concisely communicated to an array of demographics while also remaining aesthetically pleasing.
Fashion and textiles- Tegan: Tested the products functionality and aesthetics, utilising there connections with various people and making suitable adjustments when necessary.

Before Sian approached us, the Shoalhaven local council unsuccessfully designed their own Kitchen caddie liner and Flyer. This is a good example of why designers are an important assets within the management of organic waste. We firstly rely on professionals within this fields to understand the system, then we as designers are able to utilise our skillsets (like the ones listed above) to make improvements to the efficiency of already existing or implement new ideas, that people within this field do not have the knowledge about currently. (Checkland,P. & Paulter, J. 2006)


Checkland, P. & Poulter, J. 2006, Learning For Action: A Short Definitive Account of Soft Systems Methodology and Its Use For Practitioner,teachers and students, JohnWiley&Sons, Hoboken.

Whyte, J. & Bessant, J. 2007, Making the Most of UK Design Excellence: Equipping UK designers to succeed in the global economy, Innovation Studies Centre, London.

Pegasus Communications, 2012, What is systems thinking?, Systems thinker, viewed 10th May 2017.

Post A: Waste Audits- I waste too much…

17797388_10211598800659110_1601182031_oKearney, T. 2017, My 24hr Organic Waste Audit, taken 5th April 2017.

Before beginning an organic waste audit it is really important to note what exactly is organic waste? This can be broken down into two sections, firstly what is organics and what is organic waste? The term organic to me is biological living tissue, either plant or meat based, which is grown naturally without any harmful chemicals or additives.

I believe that the notion of organic waste is interpretable as an ongoing lifecycle, it is something that has been grown and then repurposed or recycled at the end of its original lifetime, benefiting another and forever completing a circulative cycle.

However organic waste generally is not intended to include plastics or rubber even though to an organic chemist, these polymers are certainly organic’ ( Therefore this is why it is important to note my interpretation of what organic waste is when referring to my own organic waste audit.

I found the results of my 24hour organic waste audit interesting as there are a lot of everyday activities that I do which never occurred to me as a waste of resources. The best example of this is my personal hygiene such as going to the toilet, washing my hands, cleaning my teeth, doing the dishes, showering and washing clothes uses a substantial amount of water resources. Combined, all these tasks equate to 100 days of my recommended drinking consumption of water, 200L. Although these are things that I am not willing to give up, there are innovations that can be utilised to reduce this consumption. For example water saving showerhead can save close to 2L of water per minute (2017,


Kearney, T. 2017, Canape Food Waste Audit, taken 5th April 2017.

The activity of cooking my food also contributes to a lot of waste. However it is better to refer to my Canapé food waste audit as we can see from the growth of the vegetables to their consumption nine major factors that can contribute to the throwing away of organic waste. It is really shocking to see so much organic waste is being produced from my own lunch let alone a mass catered event.

I think it is really important to understand where we create organic waste in our everyday lives and at a mass produced scale so we can try to reduce them and reuse these recourses in an effective way. If we don’t dispose of organic waste correctly it can be added to the ‘limited landfill space, break down into the harmful greenhouse gas called methane and causes leachate that can polite our waterways (


Organic waste, Walga Waste Net, Viewed 1st April 2017, <>

Kearney, T. 2017, Canape Food Waste Audit, taken 5th April 2017.

2015 ,Organic Waste, NSW EPA ,Viewed 1st April 2017, <>

2017, Organic Material, Suez, Viewed 1st April 2017,<>

2017 ,Shower Heads,EPA, <>.