Proposal (Post D)

From the research gathered and based from my own interests of reusing materials to make new materials; I would love to explore the idea of making a product from organic waste that humans throw out in everyday life. UTS has a large campus and lots of organic waste is thrown into the bins.


Separate bins for only organic waste placed next to ordinary bins with clever eye catching graphics to instantly capture people’s eye as they throw something away. The graphics would  communicate a message through either words or visuals  in a short time span. In order to tell the person this is a bin for only organic waste and to tell them what the end product could become. The bins would need to be  gathered daily to a collection spot where further filtration would occur. This filtration would act as a second measure to make sure there is no other waste than organic waste in the collection. Alternatively, the bins could be very clear in a way that the user knows only to throw organic waste in. Part of this comes to how educated the user is and whether they know what organic waste is.


The first stage of the manufacturing process would be to grind the waste into one form. Whether that results in a paste or fine particles wouldn’t matter. The end result would have to be mixed with some kind of natural organic hardening agent like wax or natural resin and glue in order to bind the result together. This could then be pressed using heat or pressure to form a material. The newly formed material would then be used for a product. The product is an unknown at this stage. It could be some kind of furniture, personal item or material for use from external brands and companies.

Depending on what gets put in the bin each day might result in unique materials creating an unknown individual item each time. The product could be dyed using other collected organic liquids  by squeezing oils out of the organic waste. Some fruits and plants have strong natural dyes that would work beautifully; for example, oranges.

The product might smell due to the fact that it is made from waste so drying out the end result in the sun or by infusing spices or other organic flavours might counteract the smell with nice odours.


This process is similar to products from previous posts.However, this differs by using household waste that everyone has access to. The end result might be in the form of instructions for users to make their own material at home by using their own waste. This could be quite a clever and engaging experience. We could provide instructions for a product or the user could alternatively have attempts at creating their own. Once a material is created with flexible qualities, the possibilities are endless with what you can do. The outcome would need to look refined similar to Marjan Van Aubel and Jamie Shaw’s ‘Well Proven Chair’ made from bio-resin,wood chips and water. Another example of organic waste converted into a product.



The product would have to be tested by how well and fast it biodegrades. Burying it in garden as a form of food for worms, insects and plants would be a good indicator of how adaptable the material is.

William Sandstrom, 11997943, Group C


Rca Collective mmxii,Well Proven Chair, Published October 11 2012, Image,

Marian Van Aubel, Well Proven Chair, 2012, viewed on 13th June 2016, Website,



Literature Review (Post C)

Organic waste management is very important due to the many problems related to landfill. Burying organic waste in land fill is harmful towards the environment as it undergoes anaerobic decomposition, which is a lack in oxygen throughout the decomposition stage. This causes methane which is then released into our atmosphere. This on its own is a serious event which is contributing towards the green house effect. However anaerobic decomposition is not the only negative result of landfill. Toxins and leachate that are created leak into soil and surrounding environments polluting water soil and waterways. This also has a serious effect on the environment, animals and humans.

It is clear why organic waste management systems need to be put into place. Earth Power are an Australian organisation set out on a mission to collect organic waste from industrial, residential and commercial facilities and convert it into green energy and rich fertiliser. They create green energy by utilising the anaerobic decomposition in a controlled environment. The methane gas is then used to dual cogeneration engines, which results in energy. This process makes sense. Why leave organic waste in landfill to create wasted harmful methane gas? Earth Power cleverly and simply use this gas as an energy generator.

Earth Power green energy process diagram.

ReWrap are a Dutch design brand that focus on the sustainability of products using organic materials. Their products are biodegradable as a result of using organic material. For the ReWrap brand waste is the main focus for their products which result in non harmful products and material.

Screen Shot 2016-06-14 at 8.51.28 PM.png
Tree Bag: screen shot form ReWrap offical site.

The Main body material is made up from coconut husks, which are pressed along with natural resin to create a durable material. Wood work is even polished using bees wax. Wood pulp is a product created from wasted sawdust. This makes a great material for thread. Hence using wood pulp as a sustainable thread. Their website shows a great promotional video showing the evolution and biodegradable process of the tree bag.

This process of combining and using wasted organic materials and forming new material, which in not harmful to the environment and can biodegrade. This is a great idea for reusing and recycling natural organic substances and converting them into products that we use everyday. To facilitate this there would need to be a clever collection process to convince people to put there organic waste towards these products with ease and no more effort. At the end of the day people are lazy and will generally do what is easiest for them.

William Sandstrom, 11997943, Group C


Environment Victoria, The problem with landfill,Victoria 60 Leicester Street Carlton, website, viewed on 13th June 2016,

ReWrap, TreeBag, website, Anjeliersstraat 410 1015 NL Amsterdam the Netherlands, viewed on 5th June 2016,

EarthPower, Creating Green Energy, website, viewed on 12th June 2016,

EarthPower, About us, website, viewed on 12th June 2016,

EarthPower, EarthPower Technologies Sydney, website, viewed on 12th June 2016,

Data To Product (post B)

Through much research, data samples have been summed up and related to a real world design innovation.

There are many types of waste that humans produce organic waste being one of them. There are also lots of systems that we use to recycle some of that waste, but not enough. According to ‘The World Bank’ in  2012 we as a world produced 1.2 trillion kg of garbage and under 50%  ended up in landfill. Even with all the organic waste collection companies that exist, perfectly good material is finding it’s way into landfill where it does nothing but take up space and destroy environments. Think about all the waste that is put in landfill or is left in the ocean and other environments. We as designers need to think of more creative ways of using waste not just organic waste as a medium and material.

Adidas  have made the first steps of reusing materials. This is ultimately the best kind of waste saving and better than recycling.The material maybe reused, but inorder to do so requires lots of energy throughout the transformation process.

Adidas have done their research and realise the potential of illegal fishing nets confiscated from a poaching vessel off the coast of west Africa. While Adidas’ shoe is a prototype it coveys a strong message from a big company. This product not only reuses material. It successfully reuses material, which can become a hard thing to achieve. Lots of products that reuse material usually don’t appeal to the masses, which in a way makes the product a failure. An idea can be great, but it will only succeed if conveyed or expressed the right way. In the instance of the Adidas shoe, I think it is a great example of a product that can reuse a material and succeed in doing so. The product may not solve the problem of quick biodegradable plastic. However it cleverly uses already existing plastic that would have been used in landfill.

Photo from Pinterest ‘Colossal’


This example my not use organic waste but it conveys the type of creative thinking this project needs. I would love to experiment with organic materials and find a way of turning them into a product that people can use. This would be a nice idea coupled with a creative organic waste collection process sourced from around the UTS area or ultimately all over Sydney.

William Sandstrom, 11997943, Group 3


Discarded Plastic Fishing Nets Retrieved from the Ocean Used in New Shoe Prototype


A Days Waste (Post A)

How much waste do I produce in one day and is it really waste, or is there a potential use for it? To find the answer to this question I mapped out all the things I threw in the bin or don’t use.


The first thing  in the day is a shower and going to the toilet. How much water do I use in a shower and how much energy do I use to have a hot shower? On average we use 7 litres per minute according to ‘Yarra Valley Water’ using a modern efficient shower head. The first substance I use in my day is already a massive amount of waste that could have many potential uses. So where does this dirty chemical filled water go?

According to ‘Sydney Water’ there are a number of processes that deal with waste water. The water goes through a number of processes that remove impurities. The water is then used back in your home or parks and so on. This process is great for taking impurities out of water.However it uses a great deal of energy.

After a shower, breakfast is the next step in my day. Between the four people living in my household there can be a lot of waste .This includes plastic and food scrap waste which ends up in the bin if food isn’t consummed  and in the toilet in a couple of hours if I do. The organic part of this waste can be considered a natural process to keep animals alive. In the wild animal food scraps feed other animals or leave seeds which then turn into more plants for animals to keep eating. So does this happen after I eat or does the scrap food go to land fill? The recycled waste goes into recycling of course. Soft plastics are compressed and kept in land fill, while hard plastics can be pelletised and taken to factories for reuse. Metals are re-melted and reused. General waste goes to landfill. This is a shame as there are so many potentials for food scraps. Some companies such as ‘EarthPower’ collect and recycle organic waste then turn it into fertiliser.


Later through my day I continue to eat and throw things in the bin, which means it instantly goes to land fill unless you throw out things in the correct bin. There is a lot of potential for food waste other than land fill, which I feel should be explored further.

As for toilet waste, the heavy materials and impurities are extracted and turned into fertiliser leaving the water to run off into the ocean.

William Sandstrom, 11997943, Group 3


City Of Sydney, Recycling, Sydney, viewed 10th June 2016,

EarthPower, What we Recycle, 35 Grand Avenue Camellia NSW, viewed 11 june 2016, website,

Sydney Water, Recycled Water, Sydney, Viewed 10th june 2016,