Post B: Data collecting methods

It is very important to do more surveys and researches to investigate the organic waste, as it is very associated with people’s daily lives and even the future of the human beings. During the researches, the data methods play a very important role in the success of the projects and it mainly includes the qualitative methods and the quantitative methods. By combining the qualitative methods and the quantitative methods, people can know more about the results and people’s various kinds of ideas in the actual situations (Ritchie et al, 2013).

The qualitative method refers to the methods that are aiming to figure out the reasons that result in certain phenomena (Pickard, 2012). In the surveys, it mainly used the interview methods and by making good use of the interviews, it can help the researchers to better catch the ideas of the participants. One on one interview is the communication between the interviewer and the interviewees (Matthews & Ross, 2014). In the researches, it is aiming to explore citizens’ ideas about the organic waste, such as their future directions and how people can minimize their waste.survey-graphic_sized First of all, the interviewees will be selected, as they should be various kinds of ages and the occupations so that it can make the data more realistic. For example, it covers mainly four age range, namely the children under 16 years old, young people from 17-27 years old, middle age from 28-45 years old and the elder people above 46 years old. Moreover, about the occupations, such as white collar, students and so on, the number of each occupation group selected is about three and it is totally up to 24 persons in the interview researching method. Secondly, about the time schedule, it is set about 15-20 minutes per person and try to get more data as much as possible. Thirdly, it is very necessary to set the suitable questions, as the time is limited. Therefore, the questions mainly include three directions, namely the formation of the organic waste, the recognition of the organic waster and the solutions. After doing the data collections, we use the quantitative methods to analyze the reasons and the future development of how to solve the organic waste issues.

When talking about the interviews method, it does belong one of the most useful researching methods that can help the researchers to figure out the thoughts of the participants about certain researching questions. However, it also has some limitations, which should be paid more attention to. For the participants, not all of them are willing to spend time in completing the interviews. At the same time, it is very important to keep the privacy of the participants and should not leak out the personal information. In a word, the interview researching surveys does really useful and it can provide many different kinds of data for the researchers in the actual situations. In the future study, it will try to overcome the limitations and develop the strength of the certain researching methods in order to complete the surveys well.

Reference

Matthews, B., & Ross, L. (2014). Research methods. New York: Pearson Higher Ed.

Pickard, A. (2012). Research methods in information. London: Facet publishing.

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Nicholls, C. M., & Ormston, R. (Eds.). (2013). Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. New York: Sage.

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