Post D: Research of existing Organic Waste Management Systems


According to the data from an Australian community called Foodwise, 20% of food will be discarded. 1036 dollars of food is wasted for the average Australian household, more than 8 billion dollars of food is wasted every year in Australia. This local organization has an educational website to explain some facts about organic waste existing in Australia. This website was


founded during the audit assignment which is helpful for my whole subject. Foodwise has devoted to improve Australian people’s awareness of food to reduce organic. Foodwise is not only providing data information, but also educating people about recipes, meal plans, a self growth food campaign to stimulate people farm their own food. Another similar company called Closed Loop also provides waste management services to companies, reducing the waste, to reduce the cost. Organic waste is also what they looking at. Designing organic food packages ,managing resources and the classified bin to help companies such as KFC to reach their sustainable goal.






Food waste(eatable parts) is avoidable if people have the awareness. Foods are becoming cheaper so that shopping without thinking will appear more frequently. By doing the interview to students living in UTS housing, almost all the interviewees don’t really care about waste of food. Think about it: if even educated Uni students don’t care, who cares? In my opinion, most people have never received food related education, so the issue is reasonable. Food related education is significant, and it need to be appearing in people’s views frequently to improve public awareness.

Some organic wastes are unavoidable such as peels, bones, etc. the existing organic waste management deals with these waste in 2 ways, recycle and landfill. Landfill is the most common method to deal with organic waste because of the immature and high-cost of the recycling technology, and also, organic waste from households and other places are not classified, they always mixed with other un-recyclable general waste. Waste management company SUEZ located at Lucas heights deals with all kinds of waste. 微信图片_20170618212929SUEZ landfill hole

We have visited the landfill place during a class. They deal with organic waste as general waste which let them go to landfill. The huge landfill hole can contain general waste for years in the future. Organic waste doesn’t pollute the environment, so landfill can be the most efficient and cheap solution. But SUEZ also have a web page talking about dealing with organic waste in a particular way. SUEZ Organic Resource Recovery Facilities recycle the wastes to compost products such as sporting fields and garden beds for families and public places. But this facilities have limited to recycle several specific waste. The limitation has hindered its popularization. Closed Loop company has also helped UTS created the facilities to separate recycle organic waste to produce fertilizers. It requires all the waste resources are pure food/organic waste, and the product of this project can be used in soil and make a profit. In conclusion, recycling organic waste is the better way for sustainability, but it is still a experimental solution at this stage. Landfill is still playing a dominant role for dealing with organic waste.Untitled-1



Fast Facts on Food Waste, FOODWISE, viewed 16 June 2017, <;.

Organic waste management, SUEZ, viewed 16 June 2017, <;

Products and services, CLOSED LOOP, viewed 16 June 2017, <;.


Post C: Methodology of data collection


Different data methods have been used in this waste management project. In my opinion, the whole project is about data collection, to find out the best way to deal with organic waste. The final solution is really based on our research. More data we collected, more effective the solution will be.

The folding Caddy we designed is based on the waste audit. The waste audit was the first data method we used in this project. We collected data that how much organic waste can a person produce in one day, and how much newspapers do we need to hold the organic waste. The data shows that the one person’s one day organic waste can’t really fill that bin, so we designed a triangle shape caddy which only used 2 pages of newspapers and easy to hold. The both user and eco-friendly caddy is benefited by the data methods. The audit also helped us in further design.

Field survey is another method we used for collecting data. 1496640824(1)For this project, our focus is the organic waste in UTS housing. Me and my group members went to different UTS housings and even urbanest to do the survey. Going inside of the housings helps us to understand how the existing waste management running, and how students prepare food, cook meals, and deal with their waste in reality. We can find the defect from the existing waste system, thereby fixing and improving the system.

The nine planetary boundaries let us brainstorm and collect data from research to focus on different perspectives in different fields of the earth system.20170517_173245_1024 This is a very broad system which ranks the critical level of existing issues of our planet. The hierarchy is so clear that we can regard some of its important points as our higher priority to focus on.

Interview and questionnaire are also used for data collection in this project.1496640636(1) These 2 methods are the most direct and perspicuous ways to understand the problem. Our initial idea is about a food share app using among students, so, get information and feedback from students are the most direct way. I went to different locations to do the investigation, to find the common problems existing in the apartments, and also send the questionnaire we made to some international students to know their life style and their awareness of waste management.

We did literature review to know how other universities deal with organic waste for references. Dealing with organic waste in university of Sydney, university of Illinois are quite particular. Students grow their own organic food, buying sustainable produced food, reducing organic waste, higher recycling rate, etc. literature is another efficient and quick way for gathering useful data, and all the data methods we used have contributed significant information to our final design.



MY-PEER toolkit, Data collection methods, viewed 28 April 2017, <;.

Stockholm Resilience Centre, The nine planetary boundaries, viewed 29 April 2017, <;.

Unversity of Illinois housing,  viewed 1 June 2017, <>=>.


Post B:Caddy Design Reflection

A reflective blog for the caddie project.

-How can different design disciplines contribute to organic waste solutions?

Because of the development of technology and improvement of our living standards, issues have become more and more complicated. The issue of dealing with organic waste is sophisticated and compound. It has integrated different aspects. To deal with this issue, designers have to look at it from different perspectives, making a exhaustive solution for this issue. In this project, out group members are from different design disciplines, we have product designers, visual communication designers and fashion designers. The common insight of design can make sure we can have good communications We use different design methods for the issue, and also each of us have different skills to design the system comprehensively.


-Why is it important to include designers in the management of organic waste?

 Designers are problem solvers. In my opinion, design is not only about creating new products, but also seeking solutions and making services and systems to support the users to improve their daily lives. Environmental issues are more serious in this rapidly growing society, and everyone produces tons of waste in daily life. The way how we disposal our waste is significant, and it relevant to our environment. The advanced insights of designers can generate comprehensive ideas for waste management. Design methods we learnt is actually a methodology of solving problems, and it can deal with the organic waste issues effectively.

New Doc 2017-05-08_1.jpgTo create a construction of the whole design process make the project look concise and easy to handle, and then Figuring out the context of the target can let designers know the reason why the issue exist, such as where is the organic waste from, and where they go. Once designers have handle the problem, ideas will come behind. Prototypes and interviews help designers to refine the system design, that’s why it is so important to include designers into the management of organic waste.


-What contribution does design make to thinking about systems? to changing systems? to inventing systems?

 Design generates ideas. I think new ideas are the key point of contribution from designers. A design process is integrated and complicated, but the outcome must be user-friendly: easy to understand, easy to use, efficient during use. As a design student, the existing systems have been refined for many years, they are not bad but still have some bugs to fix. We need to think deeper than users.

New Doc 2017-05-08_2.jpgDesigners need to think how is the system going, and record the problems while using it. I think changing systems is about finding the problems, fixing the problem, refining the system. The existing recycling system is restricted by many conditions of our modern social environment. Designers must be smarter to improve it. If there is no other way to improve, inventing a new system will be a final solution. By using design methods, re-collecting information and re-researching the issues(problems change in pace with time) can help designers to create a new and better system for users.




MITRE no date, Viewed System Design and Development, Viewed 5 May 2017, <;.


Yong. J, 2011, Design is About Solving Problems, viewed 6 May 2017, <;.

Post A:Organic waste audit


Dealing with waste is getting more serious for the modern society. It is about our planet and off-springs. Everyone produces waste especially during eating. $8-$10 billion of food is wasted in Australia every year. Eating might looks simple but there is a tremendous process to support the whole industry chain. I have recorded my one day organic food waste audit to briefly show what is my daily organic waste; how to deal with and finally to evaluate different criteria to solve different situations in the future.

Me and foodfood

I only buy what I need in 2 days, so I go shopping food quite frequent. I divide my food to 3 main kinds which are fruits and vegetables for vitamins, carbohydrates for energy and protein sources. Because I go to the gym 6 times a week, so I eat quite clean which means a low salt and sugar, almost no additional fat diet. I have been followed the very rigorous routine for 2 years(I have cheat days sometimes). I eat 4-5 meals a day which is a little bit different to other people.

IMG_20170403_230001my meals in 1 day

I barely waste cooked food, but some food in the fridge might be wasted. For example, I don’t like very sweet bananas. If there are black dots on a banana, I will throw them into the bin. Sometimes, some food just looks not good, but still eatable, they might also be wasted too. The scraps of food such as shells, peels and bones are the main organic waste in my daily life. They cannot be reusable. The best way to disposal them is to compost the scraps to reuse them. But I have no other option to deal with them, especially when I’m living in an apartment. Sorting the waste is better for disposal than mixing everything up.


The waste of appendages during shopping and using is also a serious problem to solve. Every time during shopping, so many plastic bags will be wasted, small green bags for bulk food, big grey bags to carry items. Some of the plastic bags are recyclable, but most of them have to be land filed. The oven is my favorite kitchenware, but every time a piece of aluminum foil is needed. Although aluminum foil is recyclable, but it need to be cleaned. Used aluminum foil is unrecyclable. For me, the biggest part of organic waste is the appendants. They might be not ‘organic’, but they come with everyday’s consumption.4

too many apendages

Personal behaviors

Our personal behaviors are also important to drive the way of waste. Shopping without thinking is normal to all of us, which could cause unnecessary waste. Saving food is also saving money. During shopping, a carry bag can replace plastic bags, and also it works in cafes with own cups. Reducing use of oven could save one-off aluminum foils. Calculate daily calorie intake is another way to avoid organic waste. The average adult daily intake is around 2000 Calories, and it also depends on the age and body weight. After I get used to this, I can estimate how much food do I need for the next meal.

 Evaluation & Conclusion

According to the UTS waste manage plan-the waste hierarchy, I have list 4 ways to avoid organic waste.

Reduce: Not buying unnecessary food is a basic way to void waste.

Reuse: Shopping with own bags to carry items; Organic waste can be fertilizer for plants.

Recycling: Buy food with recyclable packages; Use recyclable products such as wooden chopsticks if no other option.

Disposal: the last and less favored option.

the organic wastes and solutions

Book launch

less waste, less energy cost, new strategy.


ABC NEWS 2013, Do Australians waste $8 billion worth of edible food each year?, Sydney, viewed 2 April 2017, <;.

Australian Goverment 2015, EAT FOR HEALTH CALCULATORS, Canberra, Viewed 2 April 2017, <;.

Government of South Australia, Four easy ways to recycle your food scraps, Perth, Viewed 3 April 2017, <;.

OZHARVEST 2013, Sydney, viewed 1 April 2017, <;.

UTS 2013, WASTE MANAGE PLAN 2013-2015, Sydney, Viewed 22 March 2017, <;.